La Valenciana Church
This Churrigueresque church, built of pink quarry stone, features three wooden altarpieces covered in gold leaf. In 1775, the construction was begun in an area near the Valenciana Mine, and the church was completed in 1778. Initially, the church belonged to the Hospitalet Order of the Latins. That same order built a convent adjoining to the church which they never occupied and which today houses the School of Philosophy and Letters of the University of Guanajuato.
Guanajuato’s silver mines
These prodigious silver mines converted the city into one of the largest silver producers ever known. In the year 1558, work began on the first mineshafts of the Rayas and Mellado mines. It was in that same year that the famous mother lode of Guanajuato was discovered from those very mineshafts.
On the tops of these hills, there are quite a few impressive ruins which signal the presence of mining work. Sure enough, nestled in the spaces between these hills one finds the mines of Calderones, El Cedro, and El Cubo, at the south end of the city; and in the hills at the north end, Peregrina, Villalpando, Peñafiel, San Nicolás, Sirena, La Garrapata, Rayas-Mellado, La Cata, Tepeyac, Valenciana, Santa Ana, La Luz, and many more.
El Pipila Statue
The monument is a tribute to Juan José de los Reyes Martínez nicknamed "Pípila", who is the symbol of the town miners. The sculpture, by Juan Fernando Olaguibel from Guanajuato, was worked in pink quarry from a town mountain, with a neo-classicist style representing the door that "Pípila" set on fire in la Alhóndiga de Grenaditas to obtain the insurgents' first victory.
Address: Mirador del Cerro de San Miguel
Hours: Daily from 10:00 to 6:00
Juarez Theater (1875)
Inaugurated on October 27 of 1903 by the President of the Republic General Porfirio Díaz, it is without a doubt one of the most attractive theaters in the country and known worldwide for its architecture and for being the home of diverse international and important cultural events. The theater shows the eclecticism in the architecture of that time. The facade is formed by twelve columns of green quarries, finished off by brass and sculptures of the nine muses. The interior is Moorish, with arabesque balconies, boxes and panels.
Address: Sopeña (no street number)
Hours: Tuesday thru Sunday, 9:00 to 1:45 and 5:00 to 7:45, closed Mondays and on days of shows.
Cristo Rey del Cubilete
This is one of Mexico’s most important religious monuments and is said to mark the geographical centre of the country. The statue stands at 65ft high and is where thousands of pilgrims ride on horseback every January to celebrate the Epiphany.